A Rare Unreported Case of Comminuted Bicondylar Hoffa’s Fracture

Volume 7 | Issue 3 | September-December 2021 | Page: 23-25 | Gaurav Gupta, Qaisur Rabbi, Maulin Shah, Vikas Bohra

Authors: Gaurav Gupta MS Ortho. [1], Qaisur Rabbi D Ortho. [1], Maulin Shah MS Ortho. [1], Vikas Bohra DNB Ortho. [1]

[1] Department of Orthopaedic, OrthoKids Clinic, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Address of Correspondence
Dr Maulin Shah
Consultant Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon, OrthoKids Clinic, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
E-mail: maulinmshah@gmail.com


A coronal plane fracture of the distal femur (Hoffa’s fracture) is very uncommon and usually occurs as a consequence of high velocity trauma. Bicondylar involvement of coronal femoral fractures is even less common, especially in children. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a comminuted bicondylar Hoffa’s fracture in the paediatric age group managed by low profile solid locking screws.
A fourteen-year-old boy was referred with complaints of pain, swelling and deformity of the left knee after a fall from a height of approximately 10 feet. Clinical examination of the left knee revealed swelling and effusion with a low-lying patella and multiple superficial abrasions. X-ray of the left knee revealed bicondylar Hoffa’s fracture (Letenneur type III, Salter Harris type III). Computed tomography (CT) revealed a comminuted non-conjoint bicondylar Hoffa’s fracture with a low-lying patella. The fracture was approached through an anterior midline incision. Extensor mechanism of the knee was found intact. Fracture fragments were reduced anatomically and held in compression with long ball-tipped clamps. Four screws were placed in an antero-posterior (two screws for each condyle) and two screws in a medio-lateral direction to achieve a strong fixation construct. The screws were kept entirely in the epiphysis. At 12 months follow-up, the patient was walking with a normal gait, and full extension and 90 degrees of flexion at the knee. Quadricepsplasty was performed at 1 year to improve knee flexion. At final follow up of 2 years, he had full range of knee motion with no functional limitation.
Keywords: Hoffa’s, Bicondylar, Adolescent, Comminuted, Quardricepsplasty


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How to Cite this Article:  Gupta G, Rabbi Q, Shah M, Bohra V | A Rare Unreported Case of Comminuted Bicondylar Hoffa’s Fracture | International Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics | September-December 2021; 7(3): 23-25.

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