Comparison of Standard and Accelerated Ponseti Technique in the Treatment of Idiopathic Clubfoot at a Regional Orthopaedic Hospital in Nigeria

Volume 7 | Issue 1 | January-April 2021 | Page: 10-15 | Anikwe I.A, Lasebikan O.A, Enweani U.N

Authors: I. A. Anikwe MBBS, FMC Ortho. [1], O. A. Lasebikan MBCHB, MPH, MBA, FWACS, FMC Ortho, FICS [2],
U. N. Enweani MBBS, FMCS, FMCOrtho, FWACS, FICS [3]

[1] Department of Surgery, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria.
[2] Department of Orthopaedics, National Orthopedic Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.
[3] Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, City Hospital Enugu, Nigeria.

Address of Correspondence
Dr. Omolade. A. Lasebikan,
Department of Orthopaedics, National Orthopedic Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.


Introduction: Congenital clubfoot is a developmental deformity of the foot. Management by the Ponseti method has been shown to be produce better results with fewer complications than traditional surgical methods. Some studies have shown that shorter intervals of serial manipulation/casting provide similar outcome to standard Ponseti technique. This study compared management outcome using an accelerated twice weekly technique, with standard weekly Ponseti casting.
Methodology: A prospective comparative study was conducted involving 62 patients with 90 clubfeet. From the study, 48 clubfeet in 34 patients were managed with standard Ponseti technique (weekly manipulation and casting), while 42 clubfeet in 28 patients were managed with accelerated Ponseti technique (twice weekly manipulation and casting). Pirani score was used for initial assessment and for follow-up.
Results: Children were 1 month to 36 months of age at the time of commencement of treatment. Majority of patients were male, (63%). The average number of casts did not differ significantly between the treatment groups (p = 0.13). The accelerated Ponseti technique patients were therefore able to complete their treatment within a significantly shorter period than those who went through the standard Ponseti protocol. The standard group had mean duration of correction of 29.65±11.69 days and 12.36±5.45 days for the accelerated group (p<0.001). The episodes of early relapses were 2.1% in the standard group and 2.4% in the accelerated group. The rates of complications were comparable between the groups.
Conclusion: Treatment of congenital clubfeet using the twice weekly casting appears to provide comparable outcomes to the weekly Ponseti casting with a significant reduction in the duration of the casting phase.
Keywords: Clubfoot; Pirani score; Ponseti technique; Accelerated.


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How to Cite this Article: Anikwe I.A, Lasebikan O.A, Enweani U.N | Comparison of Standard and Accelerated Ponseti Technique in the Treatment of Idiopathic Clubfoot at a Regional Orthopaedic Hospital in Nigeria | International Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics | January-April 2021; 7(1): 10-15.

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