Submission Files

1-  Cover letter
2-  Title page
3-  Blinded manuscript
4-  Tables
5-  Figures
(Max. 10 Table and Figures, Separately in the word file)
6-  Copyright form [Download Here]
7- Patient consent form [Download Here]
8- Conflict of Interest form [Download Here]

Manuscripts submitted to the International Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics (IJPO) must be submitted in the format described below. Articles that do not meet the journal’s style will not be peer-reviewed or considered for publication. All articles should be no more than 3500 words long with a maximum of 50 references and 10 figures & Tables. Manuscripts should also contain an abstract of up to 350 words. The article will only be accepted for peer review in the following format:

1 2
  • Cover Letter
  • Clinical Relevance
  • Title page
  • References
  • Abstract
  • Illustrations and figures with legends.
    ( If any )
  • Keywords (Min. 3)
  • Additional data files (if any)
  • Introduction
  • List of abbreviations used (if any)
  • Material and Methods
  • Conflict of interest form
  • Results
  • Authors’ contributions
  • Discussion
  • Acknowledgments and Funding
  • Conclusions
  • Copyright Form

The details of formatting these files are provided below.

Cover Letter :
This is the official letter written to editors by the author, where they can inform the editorial board about the significance of their study. They can also inform regarding special situations like shared data with another study or long-term follow-up of the already published articles. This also provides the chance for authors to interact directly with the editorial board and put up any specific point for considerations like more number of authors, manuscript exceeding word count, or figure count.

Title Page :
The title should be concise and informative to make electronic retrieval of the manuscript both effective and specific. Include important information such as the study design, i.e., clinical or basic, and in particular, indicate if the study is a randomized control trial. A running title not exceeding 35 letters and spaces should be provided. Example of Title Page.
The first page of the manuscript should be a dedicated title page, including the title of the article. The title should include the study design, i.e. Case report. For example. Authors Names should appear in sequence that will be final, with superscript numbers mentioning authors affiliations

Author Name A1, Author Name B2, Author Name C3*

Address: 1 Full designation, degree, and postal address of author A
2 Full designation, degree, and postal address of author B
3 Full designation, degree, and postal address of author C

The corresponding author should be indicated with an asterisk [*].

The full names, institutional addresses, and email addresses of all authors must be included on the title page. No other information should be included on this page. The page should contain the article title, the full names of the authors including only major qualifications such as M.D. or Ph.D., and the complete postal address of the department and institution where the work was done. Designate one author as a correspondent and supply his or her complete postal address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address. If the name or address for offprint requests is different, this should be stated. Every person listed as an author should have materially participated in the design, execution, and analysis of the study and should verify the accuracy of the entire manuscript before its submission. No more than6 authors can be included on the title page. Lesser contributors may be noted in an acknowledgment section at the end of the manuscript.
Authorship criteria are as per the ICMJE Guidelines and include Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions

  • To conception and design or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data
  • Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content
  • Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship
  • General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship
  • The order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without the written consent of all the contributors

For an original article the number of contributors should not exceed six; for case reports, the letter to the Editor, and review articles, the number of contributors should not exceed four. A justification should be included if the number of contributors exceeds these limits.
Only those who have done substantial work in a particular field can write a review article. A short summary of the work done in the field of review should accompany the manuscript. Example to state Author’s Contributions
We suggest the following kind of format (please use initials to refer to each author’s contribution):
“FC analyzed and interpreted the patient data regarding the fracture disease and the stiffness.  RH performed the histological examination of the callus and was a major contributor in writing the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgments section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support.

Blinded Submission :
Author information should not be included in the main document. Authors should submit the title page, the main document, and the Pictures separately. To ensure blinding, authors should not include in the abstract or text the name or initials of the authors or the institution at which the study was performed. Refer to your own published work in the third person. Use “In the previous work of Author name et al.”, not “In our previous work.” The blinded manuscript should contain the title, abstract, keywords, main article with references, tables, and figure legends.

Blinded Manuscript :
The length of the text and references should not exceed 15 pages of double-spaced type. Use the Line number tool in the word file. The number of figures and tables together should not exceed 10. Do not repeat in the text all data that appear in the tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations. A conclusion may be included in the summary paragraph of the Discussion only if it is not redundant.
The blinded manuscript should not contain the names of the author or their institute. References should be numbered in order of appearance and should be placed in square brackets [1]. The manuscript is usually, but not necessarily, divided into sections with the headings Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Clinical Relevance. Long articles may need section subheadings to clarify their content.

Abstract :
This should start on page 2 of the manuscript. The abstract must not exceed 350 words. Do not use abbreviations or references in the abstract. The structured abstract should consist of four paragraphs: Background (including the context and purpose of the research), Methods, Results, and Conclusions. The abstract should be typed on a separate page, and should not include abbreviations, footnotes, or references. The abstract should make clear how the paper adds to the Orthopaedic literature.

Keywords :
Add a minimum of 3 to 5 keywords at the end of the abstract. MESH terms will be preferred.

Introduction :
Should explain the background of the case, including the disorder, usual presentation and progression and an explanation of the presentation if it is a new disease. If it is a case discussing an adverse drug interaction the introduction should give details of the drug’s common use and any previously reported side effects. It should also include a brief literature review.

Material & Methods :
Should be sufficiently detailed to allow easy understanding and reproduction of the study. Details of study design, outcome measures, outcome assessors, and statistical methods have to be provided here. Surgical techniques should be described in detail with photographs and videos [videos should be uploaded on youtube and link to be submitted to us]. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods (see below); provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.
Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract. Reports of randomized clinical trials should present information on all major study elements, including the protocol, assignment of interventions (methods of randomization, concealment of allocation to treatment groups), and the method of masking (blinding), based on the CONSORT Statement (Moher D, Schulz KF, Altman DG: The CONSORT Statement: Revised Recommendations for Improving the Quality of Reports of Parallel-Group Randomised Trials. Ann Intern Med. 2001;134:657-662, also available at Authors submitting review articles should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarised in the abstract.

Ethics :
When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (available at Do not use patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guide for or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.

Statistics :
Statistical methods should be described in brief. Use of the word significant requires reporting of a p-value. Ninety-five percent confidence intervals are required whenever the results of survivorship analysis are given in the text or graphs. Use of the word correlation requires reporting of the correlation coefficient.

Keep results very succinct and to the point. Write all data in mean ± SD [Range] with appropriate standard units. Mention p values till third decimal points. Use tables to display the numerical data. Do not interpret the results in this section. Provide details of complication events and their individual follow-ups. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a randomizing device), “normal,” “significant,” “correlations,” and “sample.” Where scientifically appropriate, analyses of the data by variables such as age and sex should be included.

Discussion :
Should be elaborate and should focus on the main results of your study. This section must be succinct, pointing out the relevance of the work described in the paper and its contribution to current knowledge. The results must be interpreted clearly, and deficiencies expressed. Discussion of pertinent references must be concise and short. Be succinct. What does your study show? Is your hypothesis affirmed or refuted? Discuss the importance of this article with regard to the relevant world literature; a complete literature review is unnecessary. Analyze your data and discuss the strengths, weaknesses, and limitations of the study.

Clinical relevance :
The clinical relevance of the study should be mentioned in three or four sentences.

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