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Correlation of Idiopathic Clubfoot Scores with Number of Manipulations and Castings Using Ponseti Method: A Prospective Study in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Volume 8 | Issue 3 | September-December 2022 | Page: 06-10| Selema B. Bob-Manuel, Richard C. Echem, Somiari L. Harcourt

DOI- https://doi.org/10.13107/ijpo.2022.v08.i03.143

Authors: Selema B. Bob-Manuel FWACS (Ortho) [1], Richard C. Echem FWACS (Ortho) [1], Somiari L. Harcourt FMCS (Ortho) [1]

[1] Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Address of Correspondence

Dr. Bob-Manuel Selema Benibo
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
E-mail: selema_md@yahoo.com


Background: Scoring systems are being employed in the objective assessment of the severity of idiopathic clubfoot deformities . Popular among these scoring systems are the Diméglio and Pirani Scoring Systems. This study aims to find the correlation of idiopathic club foot scores (Pirani and Diméglio) with the number of castings by Ponseti method.
Methodology: It was a prospective study carried out over a 12-month period in a tertiary hospital. Children with idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus under 3 years were included in the study. All data was analysed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 for Windows. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the correlation between clubfoot scores and number of castings done.
Results: The study comprised of 42 subjects with a total of 58 feet . Male and females were 45.2% (19) and 54.8% (23) respectively. Idiopathic clubfoot was unilateral in 61.9% of cases. The mean Pirani and Diméglio scores at presentation were 4.58± 1.42 and 14.28± 3.37 respectively. The mean number of casting sessions required to achieve correction was 4.00±1.19. There was a significant positive correlation between total number of castings with both Pirani scores (r=0.449, p<0.05) and Diméglio scores (r=0.619, p<0.05). Fifty percent (50%) of feet required percutaneous tenotomy in the final stages of correction.
Conclusion: Pirani and Diméglio scores have significant correlation with number of casts a patient will require for correction. Thus, either of these scores can be used and are useful tools in the monitoring of patients’ treatment with Ponseti method.
Keywords: Idiopathic Clubfoot, Ponseti, Pirani Score, Diméglio Score, Manipulation and casting.


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How to Cite this Article: Bob-Manuel SB, Echem RC, Harcourt SL | Correlation of Idiopathic Clubfoot Scores with Number of Manipulations and Castings Using Ponseti Method: A Prospective Study in Port Harcourt, Nigeria | International Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics | September-December 2022; 8(3): 06-10. https://doi.org/10.13107/ijpo.2022.v08.i03.143

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