Tag Archive for: Pirani score

Correlation of Idiopathic Clubfoot Scores with Number of Manipulations and Castings Using Ponseti Method: A Prospective Study in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Volume 8 | Issue 3 | September-December 2022 | Page: 06-10| Selema B. Bob-Manuel, Richard C. Echem, Somiari L. Harcourt

DOI- https://doi.org/10.13107/ijpo.2022.v08.i03.143

Authors: Selema B. Bob-Manuel FWACS (Ortho) [1], Richard C. Echem FWACS (Ortho) [1], Somiari L. Harcourt FMCS (Ortho) [1]

[1] Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Address of Correspondence

Dr. Bob-Manuel Selema Benibo
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
E-mail: selema_md@yahoo.com


Background: Scoring systems are being employed in the objective assessment of the severity of idiopathic clubfoot deformities . Popular among these scoring systems are the Diméglio and Pirani Scoring Systems. This study aims to find the correlation of idiopathic club foot scores (Pirani and Diméglio) with the number of castings by Ponseti method.
Methodology: It was a prospective study carried out over a 12-month period in a tertiary hospital. Children with idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus under 3 years were included in the study. All data was analysed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 for Windows. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the correlation between clubfoot scores and number of castings done.
Results: The study comprised of 42 subjects with a total of 58 feet . Male and females were 45.2% (19) and 54.8% (23) respectively. Idiopathic clubfoot was unilateral in 61.9% of cases. The mean Pirani and Diméglio scores at presentation were 4.58± 1.42 and 14.28± 3.37 respectively. The mean number of casting sessions required to achieve correction was 4.00±1.19. There was a significant positive correlation between total number of castings with both Pirani scores (r=0.449, p<0.05) and Diméglio scores (r=0.619, p<0.05). Fifty percent (50%) of feet required percutaneous tenotomy in the final stages of correction.
Conclusion: Pirani and Diméglio scores have significant correlation with number of casts a patient will require for correction. Thus, either of these scores can be used and are useful tools in the monitoring of patients’ treatment with Ponseti method.
Keywords: Idiopathic Clubfoot, Ponseti, Pirani Score, Diméglio Score, Manipulation and casting.


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How to Cite this Article: Bob-Manuel SB, Echem RC, Harcourt SL | Correlation of Idiopathic Clubfoot Scores with Number of Manipulations and Castings Using Ponseti Method: A Prospective Study in Port Harcourt, Nigeria | International Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics | September-December 2022; 8(3): 06-10. https://doi.org/10.13107/ijpo.2022.v08.i03.143

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Comparison of Standard and Accelerated Ponseti Technique in the Treatment of Idiopathic Clubfoot at a Regional Orthopaedic Hospital in Nigeria

Volume 7 | Issue 1 | January-April 2021 | Page: 10-15 | Anikwe I.A, Lasebikan O.A, Enweani U.N

Authors: I. A. Anikwe MBBS, FMC Ortho. [1], O. A. Lasebikan MBCHB, MPH, MBA, FWACS, FMC Ortho, FICS [2],
U. N. Enweani MBBS, FMCS, FMCOrtho, FWACS, FICS [3]

[1] Department of Surgery, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria.
[2] Department of Orthopaedics, National Orthopedic Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.
[3] Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, City Hospital Enugu, Nigeria.

Address of Correspondence
Dr. Omolade. A. Lasebikan,
Department of Orthopaedics, National Orthopedic Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.
Email: ladelash@yahoo.com


Introduction: Congenital clubfoot is a developmental deformity of the foot. Management by the Ponseti method has been shown to be produce better results with fewer complications than traditional surgical methods. Some studies have shown that shorter intervals of serial manipulation/casting provide similar outcome to standard Ponseti technique. This study compared management outcome using an accelerated twice weekly technique, with standard weekly Ponseti casting.
Methodology: A prospective comparative study was conducted involving 62 patients with 90 clubfeet. From the study, 48 clubfeet in 34 patients were managed with standard Ponseti technique (weekly manipulation and casting), while 42 clubfeet in 28 patients were managed with accelerated Ponseti technique (twice weekly manipulation and casting). Pirani score was used for initial assessment and for follow-up.
Results: Children were 1 month to 36 months of age at the time of commencement of treatment. Majority of patients were male, (63%). The average number of casts did not differ significantly between the treatment groups (p = 0.13). The accelerated Ponseti technique patients were therefore able to complete their treatment within a significantly shorter period than those who went through the standard Ponseti protocol. The standard group had mean duration of correction of 29.65±11.69 days and 12.36±5.45 days for the accelerated group (p<0.001). The episodes of early relapses were 2.1% in the standard group and 2.4% in the accelerated group. The rates of complications were comparable between the groups.
Conclusion: Treatment of congenital clubfeet using the twice weekly casting appears to provide comparable outcomes to the weekly Ponseti casting with a significant reduction in the duration of the casting phase.
Keywords: Clubfoot; Pirani score; Ponseti technique; Accelerated.


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How to Cite this Article: Anikwe I.A, Lasebikan O.A, Enweani U.N | Comparison of Standard and Accelerated Ponseti Technique in the Treatment of Idiopathic Clubfoot at a Regional Orthopaedic Hospital in Nigeria | International Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics | January-April 2021; 7(1): 10-15.

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Correlation of Pirani Score and Ultrasound in Assessing the Severity of Clubfoot in Neonates Treated by Ponseti Method

Volume 3 | Issue 1 | Jan-Jun 2017 | Page 16-19 | Vineet Bajaj, Rahul Anshuman, Nikhil Verma, Mahipal Singh, Anupama Tandon, Neerav Anand Singh

Authors : Vineet Bajaj [1], Rahul Anshuman [1], Nikhil Verma [1], Mahipal Singh [1], Anupama Tandon [1], Neerav Anand Singh [1].

[1] Department of Orthopaedics, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi-110095, India.

Address of Correspondence
Dr Rahul Anshuman
Department of Orthopaedics, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi-110095, India.
Email: anshuman.cool@gmail.com


Aim: The aim of this study is to correlate Pirani score and ultrasound in assessing the severity of clubfoot in neonates treated by Ponseti method.
Materials and Methods: A total of 32 ft with idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus deformity in neonates were prospectively treated by Ponseti method. Pirani score and ultrasound parameters were measured 3 times, i.e., at the time of initial presentation, at 4 weeks of treatment, and at completion of treatment. Feet were divided according to Pirani score in groups: One (0–2.0), two (2.5–4), and three (4.5–6). Correlation between ultrasound parameters and Pirani score was evaluated using one-way ANOVA and Tukey test.
Results: Correlation between Pirani score and ultrasound parameters was statistically significant (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Ultrasound has the potential to accurately depict the pathoanatomy in clubfoot. Ultrasound is objective method to assess the severity of clubfoot. Pirani score and ultrasound correlated in severity of deformity and correction achieved along the course of treatment.
Keywords: Idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus, Pirani score, Ponseti method, ultrasound.


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How to Cite this Article: Bajaj V, Anshuman R, Verma N, Singh M, Tandon A, Singh A.  Correlation of Pirani Score and Ultrasound in Assessing the Severity of Clubfoot in Neonates Treated by Ponseti Method. International Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics Jan-June 2017;3(1):16-19.

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