Volume 6 | Issue 2 | May-August 2020 | Page: 33-38 | Sukalyan Dey, Prerana Gogoi, Rupjyoti Gogoi, Tofile Ahmed, Roopak Patel, Diganta Phukan
Authors: Sukalyan Dey , Prerana Gogoi , Rupjyoti Gogoi , Tofile Ahmed , Roopak Patel , Diganta Phukan 
 Department of Orthopaedics, Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Medical College, Barpeta, Assam, India.
 Resident Medical Officer, Pratiksha Hospital, Guwahati
 Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, Gauhati Neurological Research Center, Six Mile, Guwahati
 Department of Orthopaedics, CORAS Pratiksha Hospital, Guwahati.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Sukalyan Dey,
Department of Orthopaedics, Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Medical College,
Barpeta, Assam, India.
Background: The optimal management for untreated developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) after walking age remains controversial.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 80 DDH patients (85 hips) diagnosed at one through 3 years of age who underwent gradual reduction (GR) using overhead traction (OHT) with a mean follow-up of 8.2 years. We investigated radiological severity of DDH, successful reduction, avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head, residual dysplasia, secondary procedures, and Severin classification. The data were compared between patients under (42 hips) and over (43 hips) 18 months of age at diagnosis.
Results: Eighty-three hips (98%) were successfully reduced by OHT. Three hips (4%) re-dislocated later and needed closed reduction or open reduction with Salter osteotomy. No AVN occurred during follow-up. Sixty-eight hips were observed without further treatment beyond 5 years of age, of which 52 (76%) remained acetabular dysplasia and 47 (69%) underwent Salter osteotomy with or without femoral osteotomy. We could finally evaluate 69 hips using Severin classification, and 52 (75%) were classified in Group I, 10 (14%) in Group II, and seven (10%) in Group III. Radiological severity of DDH at diagnosis was the only significant variable between the groups: High hip dislocation was more frequently observed in the older age group (p = 0.0131).
Conclusions: GR using OHT is a beneficial initial treatment with a high reduction rate and a low incidence of complications for DDH after walking age, from 1 to 3 years of age. Salter osteotomy performed during preschool ages can provide a satisfactory mid-term outcome for hips with residual acetabular dysplasia after OHT.
Level of Evidence: Therapeutic studies, level IV (case series).
Keywords: Developmental dysplasia of the hip; Walking age; Gradual reduction; Overhead traction; Salter innominate osteotomy.
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|How to Cite this Article: Dey S, Gogoi P, Gogoi R, Ahmed T, Patel R, Phukan D | Teratologic Hip Dislocations: Controversies and Consensus | International Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics | May-August 2020; 6(2): 33-38.|