Volume 8 | Issue 1 | January-April 2022 | Page: 31-34 | Deepak Jain, Tushar Agrawal, Saijyot Raut, Parimal Malviya
Authors: Deepak Jain MS Ortho , Tushar Agrawal MS Ortho [2, 3], Saijyot Raut MS Ortho ,
Parimal Malviya MS Ortho. 
 Department of Orthopaedics & Spine Surgery Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
 Department of Orthopaedics, MGM Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
 Aastha Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Deepak Jain,
Paediatric Orthopaedic Fellow, Department of Orthopaedics & Spine Surgery, Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Background- Management of paediatric humeral lateral condyle fractures by 2 Kirschner wire or screw fixation in parallel or divergent manner remains the treatment of choice and has long remained unchallenged. In this study, we are recommending using a third K wire for fracture fixation technique for the age group less than 10 years which provides a more stable fixation enhances stability and ensures better outcomes without any significant disadvantages.
Materials & Methods- We Present a Cohort of 20 pediatric lateral condyle fractures of Song et al stage 3 and above. Of the 20 patients treated, 12 were male and 8 females. All fractures were fixed using 3 lateral Kirschner wires of size 1.2 or 1.5mm. Out of the 20 fractures, 12 were opened and 8 were fixed percutaneously.
Results- All Patients showed union at 6 weeks. K-wires were removed at 6 weeks. Good radiological and clinical outcomes were noted on the periodical check-up. Hardacre score was used to calculate clinical outcome. None of the patients had any loss of reduction, non-union, or implant-related failure except for pin tract infections in a few patients.
Conclusion- We recommend adding a third wire to the construct for three k wires fixation for lateral condyle humerus fractures in all patients less than 10 years which is useful tool, cost-effective, enhances stability and ensures good outcomes without any significant disadvantages. We found all benefits of the cannulated screws by inserting the third wire and the fracture was found to be biomechanically more stable, none showed loss of reduction, had early union, early mobilization, minimal chances of nonunion, full ROM, no infection with the added advantage of no re-surgery for implant removal
Keywords- Pediatric fractures, Elbow fractures, Lateral condyle fractures, K-wires
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|How to Cite this Article: Jain D, Agrawal T, Raut SJ, Malviya P | Fixation of Displaced Paediatric Humeral Lateral Condyle Fractures with 3 K-Wires | International Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics | January-April 2022; 8(1): 31-34.|